Trench foot is a nonfreezing cold injury that tends to develop when the foot is subjected to damp, cold and unsanitary conditions for prolonged periods of time. It was common in wars when soldiers spent a lot of time in the trenches. It tends to occurs today in extreme sports on cold environments and in some occupation, such as the refrigeration industry.
An Achilles tendon rupture is obvious when it happens. What is not so obvious is the treatment that is needed. There is a lot of different opinions and the research is evenly divided between conservative and surgical management,
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome in runners is very common. The cause of this is multifactorial and due to both proximal and distal factors. The distal factors are abnormal function of the foot causing malignment issues at the knee. For this reason foot orthotics are often indicated in its management.
Ankylosing Spondylitis is a problem that primarily affects the spine and low back. It also affects the joint and is relevant to podiatry for two reasons. As it affects the spine, there is reduced ability to reach the feet to self care. Ankylosing Spondylitis also can affect the foot resulting in joint pain, plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis.
‘Barefoot’ running shoes are shoes that are designed to mimic the action of running barefoot by providing no support or no cushioning and no heel raise. The aim of the use of barefoot running shoes is to create a more natural running gait that is supposed to reduce the incidence of running injury.
Toe walking in a child may be an insignificant finding that they are over a short period of time or it may be an indicator of a more serious underlying neurological or developmental problem that needs a thorough investigation.
Growing pains are a relatively benign pain that occurs at night in children. It can be distressing and wake the child from sleep. Mostly all that is needed is reassurance as they are self-limiting. Every case of growing pains need to be taken seriously and investigated properly as there are some very rare and serious problems that can be confused with a true diagnosis of growing pains.
Hallux rigidus is a condition of a rigid big toe joint and is commonly associated with osteoarthrtis. Not only is the joint often painful, it also alters the gait and can affect body segments distant from the the joint and result in symptoms distant to the joint. The treatment is often symptomatic to manage the pain in the short term. Over the longer term, rocker soles under the shoe or surgery are usually used.